Beaumont / Port Arthur Soil Conditions
Beaumont soils are composed mostly of silt and clay. They are very fine and there are virtually no natural rocky areas. Like Houston, the plasticity (the measurement of how much the soil swells or shrinks with water) of soils in Beaumont varies greatly depending on location and ranges from extremely stable to extremely expansive. Overall, the soil in Beaumont is spotty and depends largely on exact location.
If you would like to take a detailed look at the soil in your neighbourhood, consider looking at the United States Department of Agriculture’s Soil Survey Tool. It can give you an in-depth look at exactly what type of soil your home sits on and the characteristics one can expect from soils of that type.
For your convenience, we have compiled a tutorial on how to use the Soil Survey Tool which you can read by clicking here.
Geography and history
Port Arthur is located on the western bank of Sabine Lake. The Rainbow Bridge across the Neches River connects Port Arthur to Bridge City.
Aurora was located near the mouth of Taylor Bayou on Sabine Lake, at the site
of present-day Port Arthur. The town was conceived as early as 1837, and by
1840 promoters led by Almanzon Huston were advertising town lots. Although some
lots were sold, Houston's project failed to materialize. The area came to be
known as Sparks after John Sparks and his family moved to the shores of Sabine
Lake near the Aurora townsite. The Eastern Texas Railroad, completed between
Sabine Pass and Beaumont just before the outbreak of the Civil War, passed about
four miles west of Sparks. The railroad passing track at this point was named
Aurora after the Houston project. The rails were removed during the Civil War.
A few scattered settlers remained until 1886, when a destructive hurricane led
residents to dismantle their homes and move to Beaumont. By 1895 Aurora was
a ghost town. The abandoned community, however, soon became the site of Arthur
E. Stilwell's new city, Port Arthur.
Port Arthur was founded by Arthur Edward Stilwell in the late 19th century, and was once the center of the largest oil refinery network in the world.
The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway runs past the city, separated from Sabine Lake by Pleasure Island. The 18.5-mile (29.8 km) man-made island was created from dredged material from 1899 and 1908 Corps of Engineers projects.
Port Arthur is located at 29°53'6?N 93°56'24?W (29.884864, -93.939902). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 143.8 square miles (372.3 km²), of which, 82.9 square miles (214.8 km²) of it is land and 60.8 square miles (157.6 km²) of it (42.32%) is water.